Depression is the leading cause of disability in the world. Because it’s a mental illness,it can be a lot harder to understand . One major source of confusion is the difference between having depression and just feeling depressed.
Almost everyone fell down from time to time.
Getting a bad grade, having an argument,even a rainy day can bring on feeling to sadness. Sometimes there is no trigger at all. It just pops up out of the blue. Then circumstances change and those sad feelings disappear.
Clinical depression is different. It’s a medical disorder,and it won’t go back away just because you want it to. It lingers for atleast two consecutive weeks and significantly interferes with one; ability to work,play or love.
Depression can have a lot of different symptoms:a low mood,loss of interest in things you’d normally enjoy,changes in appetite,feeling worthless or excessively guilty ,sleeping either too much or too little,poor concentration,restlessness or slowness,loss of energy or recurrent thoughts of suicide.
If you have atleast 5 of those symptoms,according to psychiatric guidelines,you qualify for a diagnosis of depression.
And it’s not just behavioral symptoms.Depression has physical manifestations inside the brain.
First of all, there are changes that could be seen with the naked eye and x-ray vision. These include smaller frontal lobes and hippocampal volumes.
On a more micro scale, depression is associated with a few things :the abnormal transmission or depletion of certain neurotransmitters, especially serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine ;blunted circadian rhythms or specific changes in the REM and slow wave parts of your sleep cycle and hormone abnormalities, such as high control and deregulation of thyroid hormones.
Thank you for reading…